At lower altitudes there are cool woods of tall spruce and larch, with the occasional alder, sycamore and birch growing along the course of Rio Gardena, while stands of stone pine are to be found up to a height of 2.100 m above sea-level.
Dwarf pines and juniper bushes are also common, but the most striking sight is doubtless the hairy Alpine rose, a dwarf rhododendron that colonises whole mountain slopes of limestone and dolomite debris. Meadow flowers are most abundant where fertiliser is used most sparingly. There you will find numerous compositae, campanulae, papilionaceae, buttercups as well as many different grasses, and forage and fodder plants. The mountain flora, comprising mainly small but very blossomy flowering plants is concentrated in the corries, on scree slopes, and on the banks of the mountain streams.
It includes a variety of primulae, the snow-white leopard’s bane, the radiant auricula and – as the Queen of the alpine flowers – the star-shaped edelweiss (Leontopodium alpinum). The pale rock of the mountains is the perfect backcloth to the splashes of colour from the pink Dolomite cinquefoil, the orange-red Rhaetian Alpine poppy, the dark-blue rampion and many others.